Sri Lanka Travel Guide
Sri Lanka, formerly known until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India. Lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, Sri Lanka is one among 25 biodiversity hotspots within the world! Although the country is comparatively small in size, it’s the very best biodiversity density in Asia. a various and multicultural country, Sri Lanka is home to several religions, ethnic groups, and languages. it’s famed for its stunning ancient Buddhist ruins, and its flavorful cuisine reflects its history as a maritime hub and cultural melting pot.Sri Lanka Travel Guide
Understanding Sri Lanka
Located within the Indian Ocean just south of India, Sri Lanka is an island that’s a well-liked holiday destination. documented for its natural beauty, Sri Lanka has stunning beaches right along its coastline, great wildlife and biodiversity and an upscale culture and heritage dating back several millennia. Sri Lanka was engulfed during a bitter war for 30 years between the govt and therefore the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, who were fighting for an independent state for the Tamil speaking minority. The war officially led to May 2009 when the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were bloodily defeated.
Sri Lanka has quite 2,500 years of continuous written history by means of the Mahawansha and was also mentioned in several ancient Indian texts. one among the foremost famous is that the Ramayana, during which the island, which was mentioned as Lanka, was the island fortress of the king Ravana, who captured the wife of Rama an incarnation of the Hindu God, Vishnu. Legend has it that Hanuman the monkey flew over to Lanka and destroyed the capital by setting it ablaze, while Rama and his remaining troops later crossed over from the mainland by building a land bridge across the ocean. there’s however a faculty of thought, though largely unsupported, that Sita the wife of Rama, eloped with Ravana while Rama was away. it’s argued by those that support this view that this is often why Rama subjected Sita to undergo an “Agni pariksha” (test of fire) to prove her purity. Nevertheless, this theory is widely criticized by believers of Valmiki’s version of the episode.
The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late within the 6th century BC, probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced ranging from the mid-3rd century BC, and an excellent civilization developed in cities like Anuradhapura (kingdom from c. 200BCE to c. 1000CE) and Polonnaruwa (c. 1070 to 1200). Other later notable kingdoms are the Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Kandy and Jaffna Kingdoms. Occupied by the Portuguese within the 16th century and therefore the Dutch within the 17th century, the island was ceded to British in 1796, and have become a Crown Colony in 1802. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
Since Sri Lanka may be a tropical country, you’ll expect the rain any time of the year in most parts. However, the 2 major rainy seasons are the
The north-east monsoon (October to January) and therefore the South-West monsoon (May to July).
Being an island, the climate of Sri Lanka changes dramatically from one a part of the country to a different. for instance at Nuwara Eliya, within the hills of Central Sri Lanka, features a temperature around -5 to 20°C throughout the year, whereas Hambanthota, located within the dry zone, features a temperature consistently around 30-35°C.
generally, Sri Lanka also has extremely popular temperatures all year long, which is why most Sri Lankan men wear sarongs while Sri Lankan women dress lightly with an extended dress.
Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in the south-central interior.
- Highest point: Pidurutalagala, 2,524m.
- Second highest peak: Kirigalpoththa (Horton Plains) 2,388m.
- Third highest peak: Thotupola Kanda (Horton Plains) 2,357m.
The awesome languages of Sri Lanka
Sinhala, spoken by the bulk Sinhalese, and Tamil, spoken by the minority Tamil and Muslim groups, are Sri Lanka’s two official languages. English is usually utilized in most cities, especially Colombo, Kandy and Galle, and by government and tourism officials. But while most of the people in Colombo can speak English, don’t expect everyone, everywhere to be ready to speak it fluently. within the beach and tourist areas, you’ll haven’t any problem with English. most of the people in rural villages, however, cannot speak any English, beyond a couple of simple words.
Sinhala Language: The greeting in Sinhala is “ayubowan”. It means “May you reside longer”; ‘Thank you’ is “Bohoma sthuthi” and “how are you” is “kohomada”, pronounced “Ko homede””.
Tamil Language: The greeting in Tamil is “Vanakkam”; ‘Thank you’ is “Nandri”.
Sinhala writing is far more curved than Tamil. After a short time, you’ll find out how to differentiate between the 2.