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The stunning Ritigala mountain

The stunning Ritigala mountain


The stunning Ritigala mountain.

Ritigala is a mountain with many mystic beliefs. Some say that Ritigala was originally a place of Devil’s Tribe people. Now some of the pilgrims who go to Anuradhapura see the beauty of Ritigala. Foreign tourists also come to Ritigala. As a result, there are several hotels providing catering and lodging for them.

How to get to Ritigala?

Reaching is easy. The road leading from Habarana to Maradankadawala is Anuradhapura. M. 15 From Galapitagala Junction, turn left and turn left. Distance from Colombo to Ritigala. M. About 201. From the Maradankadawala area on the horizon, you can see the beautiful Ritigala Range. There are no other mountains in the area and it is a spectacular sight. A short distance from the Galapitagala village, you reach a concrete road that runs through the forest. Since elephants are on this road, you should avoid going in the morning. The concrete road turns into a teacher road. From there, the path leads through the thick forest cover through the Ritigala Reserve. The road is well maintained and easy to get to in a car. There is a parking lot at the foot of the hill. Distance from Galapitagala to Mountain Range M. 8. You can also get information from the Archaeological Office here.





This is how Ravana joins Ritigala. In response to Rawana’s mischief, he was abducted by the queen of Rama, India’s queen, Seetha Devi, and kept safe in Lanka Town. Lakshman is injured in war. He had gone to the Himalayas, India, to find drugs for Hanumantha’s disease. The herbal plant is then taken out. According to a folk legend, a part of that mountain had been broken up and a mountain of medicine had been created in the Ritigala mountain.

History of the Mahavansha

The stunning Ritigala mountain

The monastery complex around this mountain has a long history. The Mahavamsa refers to the Ritigala Attagiri or the Aritic Pabbatha. King Suratissa (187-177 BC) placed a temple at the foot of this hill. C. BC. A first-century inscription tells of the sacrifice of a lake called the Arita Vihara. King Lajjatissa (119-110 BCE) has enlarged and restored the Aritic temple. King Sena I (831-851 AD) also sponsored this temple. It is said that King Parakramabahu I built strongholds in these hills against the Manabharana of Ruhuna.

Recent History


In 1872, during the English rule, a surveyor named James Mantel stayed here for three months. Government Agent of Anuradhapura WA. The house is located on a plain near the summit of the Ivers Mountains and has been recovered from the cool climate. Henry Triman, 1887, studies the Ritigala plants. Commissioner of Archeology C. P. Bel Ritigala studies the antiquities of 1883. He copied the inscriptions on the caves and scoured the forest to look for ruins on the mountain. All the information is included in the 1883 Archaeological Administration Report.The stunning Ritigala mountain

Why is Ritigala so Unique?

It is the highest mountain in the city of Kandy. It is 2514 feet (765 m) high. Ritigala is the highest mountain in Sri Lanka, between the central hills of our country and the mountains of South India. It is located in the Dry Zone and has a cool climate forest which grows many plants in the wet zone. Therefore, even during the dry season, Ritigala is often overlooked by the fog.

As a result, the Ritigala forest has been made a reserve as early as 1931. The size of the reserve is 1528 hectares. In addition, 690 acres including the ruined monastery complex at the foot of the mountain have been declared an archaeological reserve.

The Ritigala Range is home to several other mountains. It consists of seven mountains, namely, Dharshanda mountain, Kodigala mountain, Una mountain, Aadiya mountain, Fruit mountain, Amarapati mountain, Ultapanda mountain.

There are 74 cave inscriptions, 152 inscriptions written in Brahmi script and the ruins of about 140 different archaeological structures, a large pond, and a stone path are still visible in Ritigala. These ruins in the shade of a large treehouse carry us past.

Forest ruins


As you climb the mountain near the Archaeological Office, you will encounter a large pond. It is called the Banda Pond because it is bound with rocks. The pond has recently been excavated and part of it has been preserved. The water from the mountain had been supplied with water. You can see the water flowing down the stream today. After crossing a rock bridge and climbing the stairs, we enter a forest that is completely paved with black stone. The pedestrian travels approximately one kilometer.

After walking a short distance you can reach a ruined place. The Jantaaru building is a monastery and bamboo bath for the monks. There is a stone wall around the building. In the center of the building is a stone basin with a pool. Earlier, we had seen a gantry at Arankele. There are several double storied buildings known as the main bhikkhus that were used by the monks at that time. Surrounding tiles indicate that they were roofed at that time.

From here it is a wonderful experience to travel back on foot. You can roam the forest and listen to the roaring sounds of the trees. There are a lot of unsaved headlands in the vicinity. A short distance away, there is a triple-stage building (a headquarters) on the plain. There is also a walk-in closet for meditation.

This is where the archaeological ruins end. After that, it starts in the heavily forested forest. Special permission must be obtained from the Forest Department to enter it.

Ritigala Biodiversity

Bio diversity

In 1935 a study of the flora of the area was carried out by P.P. DR. R. Jayuria discovered 27 species of orchids. There are currently 418 species of plants found in this mountain range. There are 338 flowering plants. Of these, 113 are endemic to the Wet Zone. A 2008 study found that 97 species of birds migrate here. Many species of mammals, including elephants, bears, bullocks, and tigers, live here.

In the lower part of the mountain (the site) is dry evergreen forest. Flora of the Dry Zone such as Mora, Halmilla, Kaluwara, Veera, Palu, Na is found in this area.

In the central region of the mountain range is the wet zone forest features. Trees such as bone marrow, kududuwula, Omara, Kanda, and Na are common in this area.

At the top of the hill is the nature of sub-continental forests. Varieties such as Nelu, Binara, Kekuna, and Smoke grow here.

Several species of plants native to Ritigala have also been found. Among them are the Ritigala Thambajia, the Rock Kappa Wally and the Ritigala Bee.

In addition, rare medicinal plants such as Iraraja, Sandaraja, Wanaraja, Naga Maru, Wellangiriya, Bim Kohomba and Jata Makuta are common.

The stunning Ritigala mountain

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